Ramayana as a Literary Masterpiece: Analyzing Its Profound Impact on Indian Literature and Curriculum



The Ramayana, an epic saga that unfolds the life and adventures of Prince Ram, is not just a story; it’s a cornerstone of Indian culture and spirituality. This revered scripture, attributed to the brilliant mind of Valmiki, goes beyond being a mere narrative. It is a reservoir of moral teachings, spiritual wisdom, and timeless ideals that continue to resonate with millions of people across the globe.

The Literary Marvel of Ramayana:

Valmiki’s poetic brilliance shines through the nearly 24,000 verses of the Ramayana, composed in the eloquent Shloka or Anustubh metre. Divided into seven Kandas or books, it intricately weaves a rich tapestry of characters, dialogues, and allegories. Within these verses lie not just a story but profound life lessons, making it a literary masterpiece that transcends time and culture.

Beyond its literary eminence, the Ramayana has inspired countless artistic expressions. From classical Indian dance dramas to intricate temple carvings, the characters of Ram, Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuman have been immortalized in various art forms. The epic’s narrative depth has provided fodder for filmmakers, writers, painters, and performers, ensuring its legacy lives on through diverse mediums.


The Ramayana isn’t confined to the realms of literature and art; its influence permeates the socio-political fabric of India. Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, drew inspiration from Ram’s unwavering devotion and adherence to truth for his non-violent struggle against British colonialism. The concept of Ram Rajya, an ideal state envisioned by Ram, has been invoked by leaders as a blueprint for just governance and societal harmony.

Ramayana in Educational Landscape:

In the educational landscape, the Ramayana is not just a story but a holistic lesson. It’s a historical document, a linguistic treasure, and a moral guide. In schools and Gurukuls across India, students delve into its verses to understand the complexities of morality, dharma (righteousness), and the human psyche. The epic serves as a foundation for cultural knowledge, fostering a deep sense of identity and pride among the youth.

The Ramayana, as a cultural phenomenon, has transcended linguistic and geographical boundaries. Over 300 versions of the epic exist, each adding a unique cultural hue to the narrative. Tulsidas’s Ramcharitmanas in Hindi, Kamban’s Kambaramayanam in Tamil, and Madhava Kandali’s Saptakanda Ramayana in Assamese are testaments to its adaptability across languages and cultures.

Beyond its cultural significance, the Ramayana has piqued the interest of scholars worldwide. Scientific investigations into its astronomical references, geographical locations, and historical context have added layers of understanding. The epic has become a subject of rigorous analysis, contributing to the interdisciplinary dialogue between literature, history, and science.


Shailesh Prithani, Founder & CEO, Jumbaya writes about Ramayan’s impact on children. He says, “Ever since we can remember, our parents and grandparents have tried to get us interested in the Ramayana. They’d tell us its stories or sit us down to watch TV adaptations. Today, I completely understand why they emphasised this literary masterpiece so much. The Ramayana, believed to be written by Maharishi Valmiki around the 5th century BCE, holds a distinguished place as one of the most ancient historical documents in the Indian subcontinent. Through this narrative, Valmiki imparts the life of Lord Rama, the noble prince of Ayodhya, to his sons Lav and Kush. Beyond being a mere story, the Ramayana is a profound source of life lessons, with themes of virtue, duty, and the eternal triumph of good over evil. Its influence continues to inspire people from all walks of life.  I’ve particularly gleaned invaluable lessons on facing obstacles headfirst and maintaining calm in the face of adversity. These teachings are especially pertinent for today’s children.

I firmly believe that children need more than just language, maths, and science lessons. While these subjects are undeniably vital, they form only part of the broader education required. Children should also learn about society, morality, emotions, and everything that shapes them into well-rounded individuals. And what better way than the Ramayana? This epic conveys every emotion & virtue in the right proportions – love, hatred, jealousy, friendship, loyalty, sacrifice, selflessness, righteousness, respect, courage, acceptance, forgiveness, and much more.

Indeed, our society’s civility isn’t just about how we behave outwardly; it’s about our culture, our inner thoughts, knowledge, and ethics. In simple terms, our culture defines our behaviour. The Ramayana has played a vital role in developing the identity of human civilization and will always be a guiding light for morality and ethical living.

This profound essence is beautifully captured in the Sanskrit verse:

यावत्सथासयनतनरयःनरतशचमहीतले।तावत्रामायणकथालोकेषुप् रचनरयनत।


This means that- Till there is a hill or mountain on earth, Ramayana will be.”

In essence, the Ramayana stands not just as an epic tale but as a testament to the enduring power of literature to shape minds and societies. Its influence, both profound and far-reaching, continues to weave its magic, bridging the past and the present, making it a timeless beacon of wisdom and cultural heritage. With every generation, its legacy lives on, ensuring that the tale of Ram remains etched in the hearts and minds of humanity.


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