Remembering Sardar Patel: Observing Ekta (Unity) in Education



Statue of Unity | Image Source: Gujarat Tourism

Every year, on October 31, India comes together to observe Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day, a significant occasion that commemorates the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, a stalwart in India’s struggle for independence and the nation’s first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister. Born in 1875, Patel’s legacy reverberates through the annals of history, especially for his pivotal role in integrating the princely states and colonial provinces, shaping the modern map of India post its independence from British rule.

In 2014, the Government of India declared this day as National Unity Day, a heartfelt tribute to Sardar Patel’s monumental contributions to the nation’s unity, integrity, and security. This declaration signifies more than just a date on the calendar; it embodies the collective strength and resilience of India against internal and external threats.

The celebrations on National Unity Day are vibrant and diverse, reflecting the essence of India’s rich cultural tapestry. Various activities, such as runs for unity, pledge-taking ceremonies, cultural programs, debates, quizzes, essay competitions, and exhibitions about Sardar Patel’s life, mark the day. The focal point of these celebrations is the Statue of Unity, the world’s tallest statue standing at 182 meters (597 feet), dedicated to Sardar Patel. This colossal statue, situated near the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada river in Gujarat, Sardar Patel’s home state, was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 31, 2018.

National Unity Day is not merely a ritual; it is a day of inspiration. It urges the citizens of India to emulate Sardar Patel’s ideals of unity, patriotism, and selfless service. Beyond that, it serves as a reminder, urging the nation to recall the sacrifices and struggles of the freedom fighters who toiled for India’s independence and integration. It is a day to cherish India’s diversity, a unique feature of its culture and identity, and a day to recommit ourselves to preserving the unity, integrity, and sovereignty of our nation.


This day is a call to action, reminding every Indian of their duty towards their motherland. It instills a sense of national pride, fostering a spirit of belonging among the citizens. National Unity Day promotes harmony and brotherhood, serving as a beacon of India’s secular and democratic values enshrined in its Constitution. It strengthens our resolve, reminding us that as a united nation, we can face any challenge that comes our way.

National Unity Day stands as a testament to India’s unity in diversity. It is not just a tribute to Sardar Patel; it is a celebration of his legacy, a legacy that unites the hearts of every Indian. On this day, we salute him not just as a leader but as an icon of national unity, reminding us of the strength we possess when we stand together as one, undivided nation.

As we observe National Unity Day, let us reflect on Sardar Patel’s wisdom and vision. Let us embrace the diversity that defines us and work hand in hand to build a stronger, more united India for the generations to come.


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