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Commemorating World Hindi Day (10th Jan) With Best Hindi Writers & Their Writings

10 January is celebrated are World Hindi Day internationally to promote the Hindi language.

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The purpose of celebrating World Hindi Day is to create wider awareness for the promotion of the language. It also attempts to introduce Hindi as an international language by celebrating the day in Indian embassies all around the world. The first time World Hindi Conference happened was back in 1975 in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Later, in 2006, former Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced 10th January as World Hindi Day.

Prominent Hindi Writers of India

We’ve all read ‘Kabir ke dohe’ back in the school days. Its writer, Kabir Das, was a 15th-century poet and his writings hugely influenced Hinduism's Bhakti movement of the time. He was born into a Muslim family but was strongly influenced by his teacher, Ramananda, who was a Hindu bhakti leader. Kabir's verses were also incorporated into ‘The Adi Granth’ which is the scripture of Sikhism.

Some of his work that should not be missed is:

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  • The intricately woven blanket
  • Couplets
  • Śalokā
  • Sākhī

Dhanpat Rai Srivastava, better known by his pen name ‘Munshi Premchand,’ is yet another name that must be included in this list. He was an Indian writer famous for his modern literature in Hindi. Premchand has been called "Upanyas Samrat" because of his writings that got very popular in all age-groups.

Some of his best work comprises of:

  • Kafan
  • Gaban
  • Poos Ki Raat
  • Nirmala
  • Thakur Ka Kuan
  • Eidgah
  • Namak Ka Daroga

Mahadevi Varma was a Hindi poetess and novelist. She is called ‘Modern Meera’ and is also considered as one of the four major pillars of Indian Hindi Literature. Varma was one of those Indian writers who witnessed the nation getting independence and worked towards uplifting the society at large.

Some of her work that needs to be read at least once is:

  • Ab Yah Chidiya Kahan Rahegi
  • Mere Bachpan Ke Din
  • Thakurji Bhole Hai
  • Aaj Kharidenge Hum Jwala

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was an Indian poetess from Allahabad (modern-day Prayagraj). She took pride in being the first female freedom fighter who got arrested during ‘Satyagraha,’ the nationwide protest under Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership. 

Some of her work includes:

  • Jhansi Ki Rani
  • Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant
  • Rakhi Ki Chunauti
  • Vida
  • Khilonewala
  • Tridhara

Harivansh Rai Bachchan, also famous as legendary actor Amitabh Bachchan’s father, was one of the best poets of the 21st century. His original second name was Shrivastava but he preferred using his pen name – Bachchan. Many of his writings were used in feature films, especially the ones his son acted in.

His most famous work incorporates:

  • Madhushala
  • Nirman
  • Neeli Chidiya
  • Janmdin ki bhent
  • Kya Bhooloon Kya Yaad Karoon

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Taking learning forward in the early years

Play, songs, and stories give us great scope to make our environments rich with language.

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We have all heard of self-awareness techniques, feedback, observation, etc to help children learn better and to overcome their challenges. What ways do we follow for kindergarten children? How do we take their learning forward?

Language being the most powerful tool of learning, it is imperative to have an environment in which children are surrounded by talking, singing, reading, and having many opportunities throughout their day to listen.

Social-emotional and cognitive development is largely facilitated when children are in language-rich environments. Nonexposure or less exposure to vocabulary, back-and-forth conversations, and other such activities creates a “word gap” in children.

“Word gap” can be bridged by enriching the language environment of all young children in our care, including children who do not speak yet, children with disabilities or delays, and children who are learning more than one language.

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Exploration of Conversation – Engaging children

  • Use everyday opportunities such as snack time, circle time, storytime, or outdoor play. to engage children in conversation.
  • Listen to what the child says. If the child does not speak yet, tune into what they are doing or pointing to and use these moments to talk with them. For children who are not yet talking, listen to their nonverbal communication. See their facial and body expressions to make sure they are engaged.
  • Build conversation around what the child is doing. Add words to develop their vocabulary and thus make conversation and communication easy.
  • Children can be asked questions about their everyday experiences or what they do/ did in their free time.
  • Give the child enough time to respond. For children who do not have language yet, this may be a nonverbal response, like a gesture or a look.

Taking the conversation to the next level

  • Encourage back-and-forth exchanges.
  • Ask children what they are doing, what they did before, and what they plan to do next. Encourage children to make comparisons and consider alternate possibilities.
  • Introduce new concepts or ideas.
  • Ask open-ended questions, “why’ questions, and prediction questions.. what do you think will happen next?
  • Introduce new words. Create opportunities for children to use the new words. Choose stories and songs that contain those words.

Interactive Dialogic Reading—Interactive way of reading where children are engaged in dialogues

  • Follow the CAR– FOLLOW—COMMENT—ASK—RESPOND!
  • Comment and wait
  • Ask questions and wait
  • Respond by adding a little more and wait.

Age-Appropriate Pedagogies—Learning through Play and Stories

  • Blended approach.
  • Direct teaching/instruction.
  • Event-based approach.
  • Explicit instruction.
  • Inquiry learning.
  • Play-based learning.
  • Project approach.

Whichever approach we use—play is central to all. Dr. Swati Popat Vats, President Early Childhood Association, has guided ECA Team to prepare a Play Policy. This comprehensive document speaks of different kinds of play and different activities based on the play that a child must be exposed to throughout the day!

Gijubhai Badeka, the great educational thinker who shunned the rote-and-learn method believed in the Montessori Method, the power of games, play, and storytelling. Stories lead to imagination, role-play, and creativity.

Play, songs, and stories give us great scope to make our environments rich with language!

Learning from nature

Nature Play is the best form of play for young children. Children should be encouraged to delve into child-led activities. Adults should observe them and intervene only when needed. Nature play significantly improves all aspects of child development – physical, cognitive, social, and emotional. Playing outdoors grows resilience, self-confidence, initiative, creativity, and more. It encourages the joy of movement; it nurtures wild imaginations, experimentation, friendships, social connections, and behavior.

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Patho Bhawan, an experimental school founded by Sri Rabindra Nath Tagore at Shantiniketan aimed to be a school where nature walks and excursions were a part of the curriculum, special attention was paid to natural phenomena, and students were encouraged to follow the life cycles of insects, birds, and plants.

As educators let us look back to such schools and create opportunities for children for outdoor play that is self-directed, self-chosen, and self-motivated.

Balancing Screen Time with Green Time

Sedentary recreational behavior in this digital generation has grown rapidly. This is now almost an epidemic. While technology is important as a tool for learning, it is important to balance this with nature play every day.

Values

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Schools should emphasize on values of tolerance, cooperation, responsibility, respect, perseverance, honesty, kindness, leadership, and creativity. These can be embedded into the curriculum and school life.

Parental Involvement

School – Families partnerships are most effective for the development of skills and enhancement of learning in children. Together parents and teachers can collaborate to strengthen and support children’s holistic development. Schools need to keep parents involved in their children’s progress. Involving parents in the bridging activities will help to take learning forward. Parents can be the school’s best partners to foster learning. In our schools every month we have parent-child activities where our children and parents do playful learning collaboratively. Not only is it great fun but parents are also helped to understand what and how their children learn in school!

Fire up the curiosity and enthusiasm in young children and see how they grasp their environment and grow into lifelong learners!

Author – Suman Sood, Director & Principal, B.D.Memorial Jr. School, Kolkata

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New Education Pedagogy, Technology, and AI

The real challenge is teaching the students these new-age skills as a way of life.

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The Covid-19 pandemic has created a gap between education and students. The two years can be termed as a learning gorge for students. In spite of being well into the current school year, a few students are still not at the developmental stage that the educators expect. The challenge is for educators to address the issues and execute methods to support the students to continue their learning journey.

A few strategies discussed below may help facilitators take on this challenge, bridge the learning gaps, and recover learning loss among students. The pandemic has created a great deal of stress and anxiety. Functions like memory, attention span, planning, and organization of thoughts are essential for schoolwork as well as daily life. In order to create an optimal learning environment, educators must find ways to reduce stress.

This is possible in numerous ways – building a community of support and trust, developing a rapport with the students, adopting warm-up activities, incorporating breathing exercises, and creating low-stakes/formative assessments. These practices will help students build their skills, develop self-confidence and promote a growth mindset. The emphasis of new-age education has to be on better student engagement and social-emotional development, apart from nurturing a passion for excellence.

Make learning engaging

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Stories have a privileged status and teachers can capitalize on that to engage students in order to enhance their learning. Great stories have conflict and persuasive characters. Moreover, stories are a part of many cultural traditions. Teachers can narrate anecdotes to connect classroom learning to the students’ lives. The more students find that their learning is relevant to their lives, the greater their connection and motivation to learn.

Value Local Knowledge

Valuing local knowledge means that teachers accept and appreciate the knowledge that students present in the classroom. This is an extension of the idea of narration to make effective connections. During the Pandemic, some children have experienced learning loss based on traditional academic metrics; many students experienced the benefits of being home with family, and perhaps taking on helpful roles at home that built their skills and relations. This approach of finding the benefits of the connections between home and school is referred to as “Funds of Knowledge”.

Social-Emotional Learning

Introducing students to social-emotional awareness helps them to manage their own emotions, develop empathy, and show care and concern for others. Once they learn to identify their own emotions and behaviors, they can identify the same in others and recognize their needs. Students learn to solve problems effectively and make responsible decisions. They learn to maintain healthy relationships, value people more than outward traits and behavior and appreciate rational and productive outcomes.

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Social-emotional learning can be integrated with the existing academic curricula in literacy, math, and social studies. Schools should create a conducive environment and culture. They should learn values like respect and empathy in school, assemblies, classrooms, and sports arenas. Teachers should role model emotional and social balance in their interactions. The curriculum should not encourage rote learning. It has to be engaging and provoke critical thinking skills and lateral thinking skills.

Learning with Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Learning has made its way into the education industry by assisting instructors in duties like grading assignments, taking attendance, providing feedback, etc. AI has made administrative tasks more convenient and secure by involving remote proctoring using voice recognition, facial recognition, and onscreen marking. Students and teachers receive individual feedback on performance by using qualitative and quantitative data in their assignments. This saves time and effort.

Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning provide balanced learning.

With the synchronous learning pedagogy, students get the practice of learning in the comfort of their homes. This, however, requires an environment of concentration and understanding. With the potential of engaging students with attractive graphics and stories, AI helps to enhance learning outcomes. Students can develop a synchronous learning capability while being engaged in tasks that interest them.

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AI has also made student assessment over remote learning a possibility. In recent years, online exams have risen in popularity. AI is revolutionizing the education industry in many ways – from assisting instructors with administrative duties such as grading assignments and taking attendance to provide teachers with feedback by assessing student test results. Besides, it is changing the way we conduct online tests by making them convenient and secure. The COVID-19 pandemic thrust more than one billion students globally into the world of online learning. Teachers adapted lesson plans designed for learning in a physical classroom to an online learning environment. With little time to prepare and a limited set of tools at their disposal, teachers spent their days educating students in real-time video conferences via Zoom, Microsoft Teams, WebEx, and others.

Asynchronous learning offers flexibility. Though there is a deadline in sight, the learners can progress at their own pace and access the course at any time convenient to them. This mode of learning comprises educational activities, discussions, and assignments that engage students in structural learning via watching pre-recorded lecture videos, viewing video demonstrations, verbal and written assignments, research projects, student presentations, individual or group projects, and activities like quizzes, problem-solving, and games.

New Education Pedagogy For New Age Learning

The essence of ‘New Education Pedagogy is coherent with the ‘New Age Learning’ that involves practices of Technology and Artificial Intelligence. The introduction of such practices in everyday curriculum shall enhance student learning by the means of interactive and graphical elements. These not only provide an ecosystem of constant learning but also prove to be engaging. Such approaches are helpful for both remote sessions and in-person learning. Utilizing the principles of ‘Universal Design for Learning’ creates classrooms where everyone can grow.

AI combined with socio-awareness education shall maintain a balanced educational growth. This can be achieved by inviting role models as guests to schools or sharing their speeches over the remote-learning platforms. This would help the students to learn to be more assertive about what they want and become confident to communicate effectively with their parents, teachers, and other adults about their feelings and requirements.

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The real challenge is teaching the students these new-age skills as a way of life. Activities in grade school can be merged with studies and curriculum. They can develop a sense of achieving tasks assigned, appreciating the accomplishment of tasks, and accepting if tasks are unsuccessful.

The amalgamation of learning practice with new education and artificial intelligence using technology readiness is prime in developing students’ cognition towards progressive and positive learning. By introducing such methodologies, we shall not only provide the educators with an infrastructure to disseminate the knowledge but also provide the students with a potentially stress-free learning environment that is developed with empathy and understanding.

Author – Shikha Banerjee, Principal, Seth Anandram Jaipuria School, Kanpur

 

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Understanding Social-Emotional Learning (SEL)

Though SEL is a relatively new concept it is proving its benefits.

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Social-emotional learning or SEL is becoming a requisite in the areas of education and personal development these days. Social-emotional learning refers to the process by which individuals acquire and employ certain skills that help them to stand up for themselves and others. These skills include self-regulation, self-awareness, self-control, interpersonal skills, etc. These skills are important because they help people to avoid identity crises, regulate emotions, achieve personal and collective goals, empathize with others, build and sustain healthy relationships and make responsible decisions.

SEL is closely linked with academic skills and they cannot be separated. There are different ways by which teachers can implement teaching social-emotional skills to students continuously. It means the teaching of social-emotional skills does not have to be limited to a particular program or unit or lesson. Let us examine various possibilities by which social-emotional skills can be imparted to students persistently:

Becoming deliberate in finding opportunities to practice the skills: The need to apply social and emotional skills is always present. They are required in every group work, discussion, conversation, alone time, etc. Teachers can practice becoming conscious about recognizing chances to help students execute these skills in various scenarios. Teachers can motivate students to listen and cooperate before group activities. They can also tell students that it is okay to make mistakes and one should be brave to ask doubts. Teachers should also be broad-minded to welcome the perspectives of students about a particular thought, topic or question. They should encourage students to be good listeners to other people’s explanations, findings, and thought processes. Teachers can also ensure that they are accepting recommendations from their students regarding the approaches and teaching methods they follow to teach a topic. It is also good to talk about other things that are not covered in the textbook. Identifying students’ interaction with each other, the classroom behavior of each student, giving importance to their feeling towards classroom interaction and atmosphere, etc. help a teacher to overcome academic challenges. Taking deliberate attempts and dedicating enough time to practice these skills will help the students to make these skills habitual.

Developing a warm classroom atmosphere: Students thrive in their learning process when they are appreciated, feel safe and secure, and loved. One of the best ways to inculcate this feeling in students is to let them know that they are respected and loved for the individuals they are. Assigning responsible work to students will help to build trust in them. This will also help in fostering leadership qualities in students. They can also be provided opportunities to take part in parent-teacher meetings and it is also advisable to let them make their own decisions regarding their higher studies and passion.

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Pay attention to creating meaningful relationships: Having meaningful relationship between classmates, between a child and parents, and between a student and teacher play a major role in the formation of positive attitudes toward life. It also kindles the spirit of achievement among students. One of the best methods to help students understand the value of a meaningful relationship is to provide teacher-mentors to students. A teacher who acts as a mentor for the same students for consecutive years helps the students to understand the dynamics of long-term relationships. It also guarantees them a secure feeling which further motivates them to care for other individuals. Even small group work can help students acquire social and emotional skills by listening to their peers and conveying their ideas through talking.

An inclusive approach to discipline: The idea of discipline can be used to heal wounds and traumas of relationships than being utilized as a tool for punishment. For example, it is always good to name a student’s misbehavior as an inappropriate habit, behavior, or choice instead of labeling him as a bad student. Teachers can have discussions with students about setting classroom behavior that is appropriate. This will make the students feel that they are included and important. Teachers can also communicate with the students about the importance of following particular behavior in the classroom. Teachers and students can work together in implementing classroom norms and modifying them according to their needs. It is also significant to make the students empowered by the need for conflict resolution in life. Discipline can be used as a conflict resolution tool than punishing students for their misbehavior.

Redefine student success from traditional meaning attributed to student success: Students should be enlightened that they have a life beyond academics. Traditionally a student’s success was measured on the basis of the marks he scored for his examinations. A student should be educated that there are several other skills that are equally important as their academics. Students should be appreciated when they show empathy and stay consistent in their work even if their progress is slow. They should be admired when they demonstrate listening skills and encounter challenges. This approach will help them to have clarity about what they have to do in life.

Speak for bringing changes in the system: Good teamwork is the foundation of great social and emotional skill education. It is essential to talk about the need for SEL in school. It is also recommended to conduct meetings to talk about SEL and to share ideas regarding the program to confirm that students’ needs are met and they are on the right track of development. A teacher can also demand the time and resources to implement SEL in the classroom to help students cultivate the skills they need for overall success.

There are four principles that help in the success of SEL. They are:

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  • Integration of academics with SEL: Several types of research conducted in the field of cognitive science prove that student learning is related to their emotional state. Hence, SEL cannot be achieved through practicing it as a separate program from academics. It should be present in all aspects of learning like classroom norms, practices, etc.
  • Avoiding a one-size-fits-all approach: SEL cannot be successful if it follows a strict or rigid agenda. It on the other hand becomes successful when curtailed according to the needs of the community it is been introduced to. Different settings require a different approach to the implementation of SEL.
  • Stimulating demand, but not mandating: SEL can be successful if it is introduced by proper means of awareness programs. It can prosper in a supportive environment.
  • Increasing the supply of models and practical guidance: This suggests that proper funding to the intermediaries can help in bringing up a lot of models, creating a supportive environment, and gathering data to execute the teaching of skills.

Though SEL is a relatively new concept it is proving its benefits. It helps in improving the mental health of individuals. It is highly beneficial for both students and teachers in the learning process.

Author – Sanjeeva Kumar Sinha, Principal, Jain International Residential School, Bengaluru, Karnataka

 

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The Quality Classroom Practices Post-COVID Era

As an educator, you would certainly need to ensure that that power is invested in a practical means.

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The post-COVID era is all set to challenge the challenges for all educators globally. The most effective time to allow trainees to learn about your policies is throughout the very first day. Also, before courses begin, you would certainly need to understand what to anticipate from pupils and precisely how they can satisfy those assumptions. So, when discussing the class policies on the first day, make sure they recognize them and identify the effects of not following the guidelines. If you fall short of describing or offering penalties or repercussions for breaching class guidelines, trainees would certainly not track them.

 

With much-blended learning and hybrid classrooms, the Pupils that often tend to come to be rowdy are pressed right into doing turbulent behavior because they are burnt out. It is best to prevent an hour-long lecture. If you remain to do that, your trainees will undoubtedly rest or have fun with their cell phones as well as various other gizmos if you observe that it would certainly take a military before your pupils can continue to be strapped in their seats within the following hr, including various sorts of tasks.

 

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An additional method that educators utilize is making their trainees feel they take care of them. You can ask exactly how they are whenever you see them. If they are genuinely rowdy, you might draw them out when every person is active and ask them what is incorrect. Occasionally, trainees will inform you of troubles they have encountered in your home or at the institution.

 

The bottom line is that pupils additionally have suppressed power inside them. Those power, if extra, in their lessons will undoubtedly blow up in various other means. As an educator, you would certainly need to ensure that that power is invested in a practical means. Educators are interested in scholastic training and ensuring that the pupils’ ability is taken into fair and efficient usage.

 

Make it a component of your program or subject curriculum. Talk about the guidelines, point-by-point, if required. Similar to what you perform in scholastic subjects. This would undoubtedly aid clean out any misconceptions and also incorrect analysis.

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For the majority of educators, they would undoubtedly have three tasks in a forty-five min duration. The pupils launch their power and simultaneously find out something. If your trainees attempt to depart the conversation right into something unnecessary, do not claim that directly after that. You can try attaching it and afterward begin to return to the initial subject. If your trainees are coming to be confrontational after that, do not say to make them concur with you. They will undoubtedly withstand extra if you require them. Allow them to see the repercussions of their negative behavior.

 

A mentor can be challenging if energetic and also loud trainees will undoubtedly interrupt the lessons. As an educator, maintaining the lectures and conversations rolling can be tricky if you are disturbed. This was confirmed to be challenging to manage, specifically for those beginning their training career.

 

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If you are having trouble with pupils and they are coming to be way too much for you to manage, do not require it on your own. Several elements or individuals in the institution’s management can assist. You can speak to the assistance counselor and request suggestions on how to deal with or deal with the problem. If the pupil will undoubtedly coordinate, you can have them satisfy the counselor.

 

Class administration describes how educators see that lessons proceed despite the interruption. Class monitoring aids instructors in taking care of concerns regarding inspiration, self-control, and regard. Instructors utilize various techniques and strategies to show that their pupils are motivated, inspired, and mannerly. Naturally, methods would undoubtedly depend upon the instructor’s choice. It is indeed a time now when we reflect on the priority of Online Reputation Management with a new model of Digital Body Language as a strategy to model the classroom engagement strategies post and pre-classroom sessions towards excellence in teaching and learning.

 

AuthorDr. Dheeraj Mehrotra, Author, National Awardee & Principal, Kunwar’s Global School, Lucknow.

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Trends Of Artificial Intelligence (AI) For Online Exams

The automatic evaluation of evocative answers in online tests using AI can have many beneficial impacts on both students and teachers.

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Contrary to the common belief, teachers also experience exam anxiety; exams are logistically challenging and demand extensive planning. Setting up a question paper, or rather several different sets of question papers, printing those question papers and answer sheets, securely delivering those question papers to exam centers, gathering those papers, sending them to teachers for correction, and then publishing the results are all steps in the process.

There is a pressing need for innovative exam administration methods since teachers must spend a lot of time planning, administering, and arranging exams rather than using that time to better support their students and classrooms.

Simply said, the Indian educational system is enormous. Out of the three hundred and fifty million people enrolled, seventy million have entered higher education alone in the last two decades. Now, it is a very difficult undertaking for many state and central education boards to plan and perform tests for millions of pupils. Paper leaks have occurred during exams administered by several state boards and the Central Boards for a variety of reasons. A lot of time, money, and labor are needed. When one exam is finished and its results are out, it’s time to begin planning for a new exam.

Many universities grapple with paper checking and publication issues in addition to paper leaks. The lengthy process of reviewing thousands of papers might cause findings to be months late due to the continuous instructor shortage. For instance, the Mumbai University results were not released for five long months, which caused a sense of apprehension among students and their parents. Similar issues exist with college-level exams, which makes administering them a difficult undertaking.

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What’s next?

Online tests largely depend on artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to ensure security and stop cheating. The use of facial and speech recognition technology is one way that AI and ML are deployed in online exams.

  •     How can we make conducting exams easier? 
  •     How AI is bettering online exams
  •     Onscreen Marking System
  •     AI-powered tools to evaluate answer sheets

The AI-based exams commonly alluded to as AI-proctored tests, do away with the requirement for placing onsite invigilators and offer a setting free from plagiarism. The webcam stream from the candidate is continuously monitored by the AI proctoring program, which flags or reports any suspicious activity. Exams powered by AI make it simple to keep track of lots of applicants.

Universities have expanded online education as a result of the sharp increase in the deployment of AI in exam automation. Center-based exams are expensive for students and drain a university’s finances because proctors must be hired, a location must be chosen, and other logistical considerations must be made. However, as auto-proctored exams and exam automation become more commonplace thanks to AI, colleges are doing so because these methods are the most financially sound and maintain academic integrity.

❖    Extraordinary Features of AI-Based Exams

Universities benefit from auto proctoring because it provides reliable, efficient, and economical solutions through AI-based tests. Exams that are automatically proctored cost a third less, making this a more economical technology. When students from all around the world take exams, the auto proctor functions like a human invigilator. Due to its interactive characteristics that aid in producing an environment free from cheating, the system has acquired credibility.

⮚    Image Recognition

In light of recent rigorous research by engineers and neuroscientists, AI-based tests now come with sophisticated facial recognition characteristics. Universities deploy facial recognition-based AI proctoring devices to make sure students don’t cheat on exams. The volume of photos provided to the system directly correlates to the detection’s accuracy and precision; the system highlights instances of cheating. Impersonation is also less likely when a government-approved photo ID is used for authentication. Compared to the 97.53% attained by humans, the Gaussian Face algorithm created in 2014 by researchers at Hong Kong University achieved facial identification scores of 98.52%.

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⮚    Voice Recognition

To assist systems to comprehend human speech, researchers have long worked on voice recognition technology. By showing a graphical representation of the speech patterns, a voice-enabled auto proctor may recognize audio for verification and match it to any background noise to eliminate instances of cheating. Accelerators for AI are helping businesses transform digitally. As a result of numerous technical developments, AI has advanced by doing away with the necessity for human invigilators to create student report cards. After the exam, system-generated reports based on the performance of the students are delivered to the universities. Universities regard AI-based tests as a one-stop solution for delivering an effective, economical, and scalable option for online education since technology has increased the integrity and legitimacy of the exams. The dependence on technology grows as a result of the rising requirement to deliver high-quality instruction to a sizable student body, eliminating errors and adopting exam automation. Given how rapidly AI is being adopted, manual and live proctored exams may be phased out over the next five years, opening the door for a completely automated test procedure.

Whether it’s for educational institutions or corporate hiring, integrating AI into the assessment process offers certain special advantages that are not possible with conventional methods. A startup using artificial intelligence to power exams enables organizations to administer the evaluation at scale. This was born out of the necessity to ensure that every student had a personalized learning experience and to establish a system where each student is routinely evaluated based on their abilities. AI is used in many psychometric tests for job candidates and employees, even in the corporate world. In situational judgment tests (SJT), this can take the form of convincing algorithm-based judgments derived by examining test-taker replies, or it can take the form of genuine chatbot-style interactions with applicants. HR and talent choices are increasingly frequently influenced by the implementation of AI in assessment.

  • Re-evaluating the assessment process

When it involves hiring in corporations or educational institutions, AI integration offers certain special advantages that cannot be obtained through conventional methods.

The first on the list is that AI can analyze enormous amounts of data with improved efficiency and precision—far more so than any human can. Today’s computers are more powerful, thus more candidate data can be precisely processed in less time.

Second, AI confronts the prejudices and stereotypes held by people that frequently manifest during appraisal. It results in arbitrary marking in the educational setting, but it might result in bad hiring decisions for businesses. Nevertheless building this trust requires that the AI system’s programming be done impartially. The algorithm will always produce biased results if the input data is biased, to begin with. Finally, AI provides socially-distant yet trustworthy evaluation methods without compromising the sanctity of the assessment process in a time when being near to one another is considered the greatest of all crimes. Artificial intelligence (AI) has a significant role to play in evaluating enormous amounts of candidate data by merging many features, such as robotic process automation, machine learning, pattern matching, natural language processing, etc.

Examiners can use the resources provided by automated proctoring programs to stop cheating. The software can log system data, restrict online access, and track keystrokes. To record test takers and their surroundings, they can also seize control of computer cameras and microphones.

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AI is used by certain programs to “flag” dubious behavior. Facial recognition algorithms verify that the student is still seated and that nobody else has entered the room before proceeding. The algorithms also pick up on other behaviors that can point to cheating, such as whispering, weird typing, strange motions, and so on.

Examiners can expand their investigation by checking previously recorded video and audio and questioning the student once the program “flags” an occurrence. A necessity during the pandemic, automated proctoring software claims to lower exam cheating when given remotely. Fair tests safeguard the value of credentials and convey the importance of academic integrity. They play a significant role in the certification criteria for professions like law and medicine. Honest students are wronged by cheating. If left unchecked, it provides these pupils more motivation to cheat.

  • Security

Simple technical approaches can get around a lot of the anti-cheating safeguards, according to our evaluation of the software. This result indicates that the tools might only offer modest advantages. It poses a security concern to make pupils install software that has such extensive computer control. In some circumstances, even after students uninstall the software, it slyly persists.

  • Access

Some pupils might not have access to the required hardware or the quick internet connections the software needs. This results in technological problems that are stressful and detrimental. 41% of the pupils in one incident had technical glitches.

  • Privacy

Online proctoring raises privacy concerns. Examiners can peer into students’ houses through video capture and study their faces covertly. It differs from conventional in-person test supervision in that it is conducted with such close observation and is videotaped for potential later viewings.

Truth and bias Significant fairness issues are raised by proctoring software. The software we studied uses facial recognition algorithms, but they aren’t always reliable. The algorithms utilized by the big US-based manufacturers do not distinguish darker-skinned faces as correctly as those with lighter skin tones, according to forthcoming research by one of us. The resulting covert discrimination may exacerbate existing biases in society. Similar issues with proctoring software and facial recognition technology, in general, have been identified by others.

Concerningly, the proctoring algorithms can mistakenly identify test-takers who exhibit unusual eye or head movements. This could give rise to unfounded assumptions about students who are neurotypically different or who have unusual exam-taking habits. Exams are already stressful experiences that have an impact on our behavior, even without automated proctoring.

  • Investigating baseless suspicions

Educational institutions frequently have the option to accept or reject certain automated functions. The proctoring corporations may assert that AI-generated “flags” are just grounds for the school to look into possible academic dishonesty and not evidence of it.

However, when based on erroneous machine-generated suspicions, looking solely into and questioning a kid can be unfair and distressing in and of itself.

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  • Surveillance culture

Automated exam monitoring may also set a wider standard. The general public is becoming more concerned about surveillance and automated decision-making. When introducing potentially dangerous technologies, especially when they are imposed without our genuine agreement, we should exercise caution.

It is essential to devise methods for remotely grading exams fairly. Exams won’t always be able to be substituted by other forms of testing. Nevertheless, organizations utilizing automated proctoring software must be responsible. This entails being open and honest with pupils about how technology operates and potential outcomes for student data. Examiners should also provide useful alternatives, such as opportunities for taking the exam in person. Providing alternatives is fundamental to informed consent.

In China, one out of every four schools uses AI to assess student homework. This system, which uses machine learning, can automatically grade students’ work and, in some contexts, even make recommendations.

Some online grading tools can even read and comprehend the handwriting of the candidate while scoring the test papers nearly as well as teachers! These tools make it simple to discern letters, numbers, and other symbols.

These AI-powered gadgets also have the benefit of learning, just like people do. So, thanks to machine learning, if the system makes any missteps and those mistakes are reviewed and rectified by teachers, the system won’t repeat them.

These tools are also considerably quicker than teachers; some of them can analyze answer sheets in as little as 90% less time. As a result, results might be released shortly after the exam is over. This can save a tonne of time and work while also addressing the university’s lack of evaluators. The use of AI for the automatic assessment of descriptive responses in online tests has several benefits. Among the advantages are:

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  • AI algorithms can efficiently and accurately assess a high volume of exam responses, which reduces the time and effort needed to mark exams and frees up teachers to concentrate on other elements of instruction.
  • Increased accuracy and efficiency when marking examinations.
  • Improved fairness and objectivity in grading. All students receive the same degree of evaluation thanks to the objectivity and consistency of AI algorithms, which also reduces the possibility of bias or human error in grading.
  • For students, detailed and personalized comments. The strengths and flaws of each exam answer are highlighted, along with recommendations for improvement, by AI algorithms. This can aid pupils in bettering their abilities and comprehension of their performance.
  • enhanced information reporting and analytical capabilities. Exam answers can be used by AI algorithms to create comprehensive data sets, which give teachers the ability to monitor academic achievement, spot trends, and patterns, and decide on teaching and learning strategies.

Overall, the automatic evaluation of evocative answers in online tests using AI can have many beneficial impacts on both students and teachers, strengthening the efficiency, timeliness, and equity of the exam process.

Author – Kamaljeet Yadav, Principal, Subodh Public School, Jaipur

 

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School to-college transition and informed decision making

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Career counseling is a process where a child discovers his/her passion and makes that a career for his/her life. In this process career counselor is a well-trained faculty to handle this process. He/she acts as a catalyst for the child from being well-trained and for other people in the life of the learner. He/she helps the child discover passion and makes his/her take an informed decision for his/her life. Every teacher shall be a counselor and share the opportunity of each subject and relate to his career. She also can speak about the current trends regard to the subjects and get exposure to the subject.

Career counseling is based on competencies rather than competition. The focus of career counseling is to empower children to choose out of their passion for their life as a career and excel. In the demand of 21st Century skills, career counseling develops the skills required for the career rather than choosing a career based on the marks taken in grade xii. The process is reversed by selecting a career and achieving what is required to do that. It can be any profession, starting from Entrepreneurship, doctor, engineering management, technology, etc. Ultimately leaving the child fulfilled in his accomplishment.

Career counseling starts from Grade eight when learners are mature enough and have enough exposure to take informed decisions. As a process, at the end of grade 8, in our school, we do a DMIT test based on fingerprint which interprets the innate skills of the child. Then, we go with the Aptitude test through several platforms available in the market. Then we go with reasoning and psychometric test to conclude their interests, strength, and weakness. After this, we give exposure to an industry where an expert gives a lecture and guide them on a particular field of knowledge. We have university representatives sharing the opportunity for the courses and their relevance. We also take them to different events conducted by the different fields outside school. We also have certain universities giving provisional admissions at grade 9 provided by certain universities. Based on this, one of our students decided his career to be in cyber security. He did an internship and online courses on cybersecurity. He also has done freelance projects during this tenure. His career is to be an entrepreneur.

We as a school are supporting him to become an entrepreneur by exposing him to workshops required for that and the support required for that. We also have every week two classes for the learner to continue discussing this. By Grade 9, the child is clear on what is career path and the kind of college and career path to be chosen. We are also taking support the platforms available in the market. We are associated with the CIALFO platform which helps the learner to apply across 13000 colleges around the world with one application. With the help of this portal, career counselor empowers the child to have a smooth transition out of their choice. We also send our children to summer and other entrepreneurship programs in a few of the colleges like AMITY, and Ashoka University to get exposure to what is available for the learner.

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As a career counselor, there are enough resources with the advent of technology. For a career counselor to write a letter of recommendation, a portfolio of a student, or write an essay for a particular course. Speaking to university representatives, and organizing university fairs. Sources for these I would recommend ic3 institute which offers a one-year certificate program on Career counseling and setting up a career counseling lab in school. Apart from this, we have college board, mindless, they, Cialfo, university, etc. for counseling. As career counselors, we also can create a bridge between college and school for students to have a smooth transition among students. This is done by conducting summer programs in the universities.

One of the key stakeholders in deciding the career for children is the parents. Parents, Teachers, and Management shall work for the common goal of the child. For this to happen, we shall have healthy conversations among these stakeholders and create partnerships to accomplish the goal. Frequently having sessions with them will give clarity on what is required for them to do as a parent. We also enlighten them with the opportunities and latest career paths available for children.

Career counselors shall ensure parents do not enforce their wishes on the child and involve emotions in it which will result in unfruitful results for the child. We bring parents to special events for the parent with university representatives as well. In my opinion, parents play a critical role in deciding the child’s future. The challenge will be resisting any new career rather than a traditional career. They want the child to be safe in the transition period. Ultimately, we shall empower parents to acknowledge the anxiety and fear they are going through and support them to accomplish their goals.

In conclusion, what is required is for every school to have a career counselor lab, which engages all stakeholders in creating careers based on competencies rather than competition. Each teacher equipped themselves as a career counselor.

Author – Mohammed Azhar, Principal, Knowledge Academy School, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu

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SEL in schools amidst the Pandemic

The need for positive behavior, outlook, and healthy life choices has always been an unstated part of a student’s school life but the pandemic has further necessitated the same.

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On 31 December 2019, the Chinese government announced an unidentified cause of a pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan. By April 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic had led to temporary countrywide or regional school closures in over 190 countries, affecting 1.6 billion learners, and over 91% of the world’s student population according to an UNESCO 2020 report. Against this backdrop of pandemic-induced upheaval, maintaining a sense of normalcy through education became the need of the hour. Educational institutions had to deliberate upon the means and measures that could be adopted to successfully cater to not only academics but also to the assorted platter of social and emotional complications that the human race now faced.

Instead of resigning ourselves to the curve balls thrown at us by life, we must look at strategies that can be adopted to not only help us tackle unprecedented challenges, but also evolve together as a community. In the last decade, educational institutions have been revolutionizing the teaching-learning process by bringing in innovative pedagogical practices. However, not all may be privy to the importance of honing children’s skills related to social and emotional learning, which, if started from an early age, have proven to be a determining factor in one’s achievement at school and in later life. The need for positive behavior, outlook, and healthy life choices has always been an unstated part of a student’s school life but the pandemic has further necessitated the same.

SEL is an integral part of education and human development. It is the process through which all young people and adults acquire and apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to develop healthy identities, manage emotions and achieve personal and collective goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain supportive relationships, and make responsible and caring decisions. (Fundamentals of SEL, 2022) In an integrated school curriculum, it may look as simple as starting each day with a circle time wherein learners share how they’re feeling. Through shared dialogue, introspection, and active listening, they explore more about themselves and what they are capable of. They also begin to relate to their peers while respecting individual differences. Schools can also encourage learners to self-reflect and monitor their own progress through SLCs, Self-Assessments, Peer-Assessment, and co-construction of rubrics. SLCs or student-led conferences are an ingenious way to promote social and emotional learning. As opposed to the traditional parent-teacher meetings, an SLC paves way for a healthy discussion amongst learners, parents, and educators by giving a voice to the students and letting them take charge of their own learning.

Connection and collaboration amongst the learners and educators is another such tool that plays an integral role in helping learners navigate their way through life by contributing positively towards their psychosocial competencies and interpersonal skills. A collaborative model may take various forms. In a traditional offline setting, one can begin with the physical configuration of a classroom. Something as simple and effective as revamping the seating arrangement can pave the way for maximum student engagement, peer interaction, and opportunities for integrated hands-on activities. Similarly, in a virtual classroom space, the mentor can facilitate the process of collaboration among students by making use of functionalities like ‘Breakout rooms’, which are made available by applications such as Zoom and Microsoft Teams.

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Such a learner-centric, collaborative framework not only grooms a generation of highly motivated and self-directed scholars but is also conducive to meeting their socio-emotional needs. When routinely practiced in a structured setting, collaboration equips learners with life skills that enable them to introspect, reflect, analyze and take action, while building healthy relationships along the way. They become aware of their own emotions, and those of others. For instance, in a group pod seating arrangement, the teacher-facilitator can place a diverse group of learners together so as to ensure inclusivity and sensitization of learners through constant exposure to heterogeneity. The class thus transforms into a safe space wherein the students think critically and creatively, problem-solve collectively, and exchange meaningful dialogue with their peers in a process that becomes cathartic in nature.

As our children take ownership of their own learning, they are empowered with a sense of control over their lives, as opposed to concocting feelings of helplessness and incapacity within themselves. This is precisely the reason why the benefits derived from SEL must not be overlooked in these testing times. Our seemingly functional world was caught unawares when the coronavirus hit us. It became a brazen reminder of our vulnerabilities as an individual and as a society.

With social avenues on lockdown, feelings of isolation and alienation gave rise to mental health concerns. In such a daunting scenario, such SEL strategies can be used to embrace said vulnerabilities instead of resorting to escapist strategies and maladaptive coping mechanisms, that may take the form of gaming addiction, compulsive use of the internet and social media, and substance abuse among children. It is also important to take heed of the role of all the stakeholders in this venture. With the closure of schools, the home transformed into a make-shift classroom and parents became a pivotal part of their child’s educational journey. By maintaining a reading list on topics such as cooperation, friendship, kindness, and gratitude, parents too can support SEL learning at home.

If the school is a microcosm of society at large, we must take a panoramic view of the education system and nurture well-rounded human beings who, more than being known for their academic prowess, become socially and emotionally equipped humanitarians and leaders of tomorrow.

Author – Dr. Sunita Swaraj, Principal, The Heritage School Vasant Kunj

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Moral Education in Scohools

The instillation of moral concepts is necessary for people of all ages, but it is essential for younger children.

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Students’ sense of right and wrong compels them to let go of paranoia, envy, and self-importance and instead learn to collaborate for the benefit of the larger good. This is because their sense of right and wrong demands that students let go of paranoia, envy, and self-importance. Swami Vivekananda thought that the essential factors in achieving one’s goals were the bravery to act on one’s beliefs (both in oneself and in God), patience, and consistently working. God said chastity, patience, and perseverance are the most critical factors in overcoming any obstacle.

 

Establishing a solid root requires more than having strong moral convictions and a desire to learn; similarly, for the body, having a healthy heart will aid in generating healthy leaves and branches. A well-known saying states, “when a character is gone, everything is lost.” In contrast, the proverb also says, “if money is lost, nothing is lost,” “if health is lost, something is lost,” and so on. Schools around the country have started including a subject known as moral science in their academic programs to instill ethical and moral values in today’s and future students. Each day, developing a firm moral foundation becomes more complex.

 

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Students in today’s society are very involved in their academic pursuits and in playing games; however, somewhere along the line, moral instruction becomes obligatory because it provides students with a correct form and guidance regarding how to behave or respond in a variety of challenging circumstances. The instillation of moral concepts is necessary for people of all ages, but it is essential for younger children. It is a common belief that the minds of young children are empty, comparable to a sheet of white paper and that any impressions made on them by adults will remain for a considerable amount of time. Because they are the ones who are responsible for a substantial portion of their student’s mental and cognitive growth, teachers are the ones who have the most responsibility when it comes to instilling a moral foundation in their students. This makes the task of doing so a lot more complicated. At the same time, it is plain to observe that the students who attend that particular school are complicit in undesirable activities such as fighting among themselves and cheating on tests. It’s possible someone saw this. 

 

A child who receives this kind of education will only benefit a little when it comes to coping with the obstacles of real life, such as formulating ideas and conclusions and selecting the most appropriate action to take. To address this problem, educational institutions had to revise their curriculum and initiate the provision of extracurricular activities such as special courses, seminars, and workshops run by appropriately trained counselors. These should be organized under the supervision of teachers who can assist in incorporating “values” lessons into the educational process to encourage the development of well-rounded personalities in students. These should be organized under the supervision of teachers who can assist in incorporating these lessons into the educational process.

 

The word “moral education” refers to an ethical education that supports people in making judgments that will take them down the appropriate route in life. This education is referred to as “moral education” in this article. Truthfulness, honesty, generosity, hospitality, tolerance, love, compassion, and sympathy are some of the core elements of this notion. Following a path of moral education is the one that leads to perfection. Pursuing an academic degree should not be the only goal of education; instead, the emphasis should be placed on the instillation of important moral and ethical principles that contribute to the growth of an individual’s persona and the improvement of society.

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Because it is an urgent issue that needs to be addressed, the hidden curriculum, which refers to the transmission of norms, values, and beliefs imparted in the classroom and the social environment, should be included in the educational system that is in place today. This is because it refers to transmitting such things in the classroom and the social environment. The idea that it is helpful and helps reinforce the concepts taught in the official curriculum is lost in many schools even though it serves to do both of those things. They focus more on the language, the issues, and the marks rather than just the marks themselves. For instance, on the one hand, a school may openly assert and assure that its education policy and procedures are structured so that all students can achieve academic success. Still, on the other hand, the school may only do some of these things.

 

Another example would be that a school may offer only some students the opportunity to participate in extracurricular activities. They can spend less time with their children since most parents in our modern, industrialized age have employment. This results in less time for the parents to spend with their children. Consequently, young people suffer from an absence of moral standards and cannot distinguish between evil and good. What happens if the people who live in a society do not behave appropriately, even though our modern civilization is far more advanced and significantly better than it was in the past? People’s moral compass has been steadily deteriorating due to the rapid development of urbanization and modernity, leading to this phenomenon. It becomes impossible to trust anybody, not even their closest friends and relatives. 

 

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With the march of time, you will encounter cutthroat competition no matter where you go, whether at a school, university, business, or any other setting where there is a skill contest. People in today’s materialistic culture are jealous of each other’s achievements. However, instead of becoming suspicious of and envious of one another’s accomplishments, people should encourage, collaborate, and work together to promote the common good. 

 

A considerable shift from the current situation is required in light of children’s significance to the country’s future. As time passes, they experience a decline in their feelings, including faith, honesty, love, and a sense of brotherhood. Children in today’s culture are taught not to trust anybody and to restrict the number of friends they have. In the past, we learned to share and make new friends at school based on our moral convictions. However, in today’s society, children are taught to limit the number of friends they have.

Author – Dr. Dheeraj Mehrotra, Principal, Kunwar’s Global School, Lucknow

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Informed transition from school-to-college

Traits like emotional balance, mental adaptability, good judgment, and true independence will be crucial for every child’s future.

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“Let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because in each of us, there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength of the nation.” -John F. Kennedy.

One of the most important turning points in a student’s academic career is the transition from high school to college. This stage represents the change from a dependent to an autonomous learner. Students now learn to manage their own time and make decisions in a more responsible and adult manner rather than studying in a tightly regulated environment with a rigorous schedule. In higher education, almost everyone experiences the transitional phase differently.

It is a transition from a known or frequent environment to an unknowable or strange environment. The transition from high school to college or university also includes the obstacles and adjustments that students go through. The students must be empowered by both their schools and institutions of higher learning for a successful transfer.

What is school education?

“You must get an education. You must go to school, and you must learn to protect yourself. And you must learn to protect yourself with the pen, and not the gun.” -Josephine Baker

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The right to learn is a component of a child’s right to an education. A child’s life might include school as an essential component. A youngster attends school to acquire the fundamentals of interpersonal skills, social dynamics, and adaptability to thrive in today’s interconnected society.

Schools offer a wide range of opportunities for every kid to develop into a responsible adult, including academics, co-curricular activities, values-based life skill education, personality development, sportsmanship spirit, and teamwork skills. Schools assist all children, especially single children, in developing these abilities via a rich educational environment where they learn to get along well with one another and work out their differences along the way.

What is a college education?

“The privilege of a university education is a great one; the more widely it is extended the better for any country.” –Winston Churchill

College education refers to learning at a facility that offers a program of study for which it grants a bachelor’s degree or higher. For individuals looking for new job prospects and those wishing to serve their communities, attending college is a wise decision. This does not, however, negate the reality that it can be challenging and perplexing to choose the correct institution, a degree, and pay for tuition. Finding resources and assistance is essential for a prospective college student’s success because of this.

Connect between school education and college education

“Education is for improving the lives of others and for leaving your community and world better than you found it.” Marian Wright Edelman.

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Students must move to university smoothly and seamlessly if they want to continue their studies and succeed. However, we are aware that different students have varying experiences and academic outcomes as a result of diverse socio-cultural and economic differences.

A good transition is crucial since higher education offers such compelling benefits. For an individual, this translates into getting jobs with better compensation and opportunities for career advancement. The country’s labor productivity and competitiveness overseas will rise as a result. Therefore, everyone involved—including policymakers, instructors, and parents—should take on the issue of making the move to college successfully.

The research highlights that students will be more successful if they can study independently, think critically, and adjust confidently to new demands, even when university instructors place a high priority on academic subject knowledge. Since these abilities are best learned in context and when their purpose can be clearly illustrated, teachers must give some of this skill development in addition to their subject matter instruction.

Interaction and participation in institutional activities are the practical solutions to the issue:

  • The idea of competence encompasses more than simply information and skill acquisition; it also refers to the mobilization of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values to meet challenging demands. Students who are prepared for the future require both general knowledge and expertise.
  • The ability to think inter-disciplinarily and “connect the dots” will remain crucial, as will disciplinary knowledge, which serves as the foundation from which new knowledge is created.
  • For students to advance their disciplinary knowledge, epistemic knowledge, or information about the disciplines, will also be important. Examples include understanding how to think like a mathematician, historian, or scientist.
  • Understanding how something is manufactured or done, or the set of processes or actions required to achieve a goal, is how procedural knowledge is gained. Some procedural knowledge is particular to a certain area, whereas others are transportable. It usually grows as a result of solving real-world problems, such as through design thinking and systems thinking. Students will have to put their knowledge to use in uncertain and changing situations. To do this, they will require a variety of abilities, such as cognitive and meta-cognitive skills (such as critical thinking, creativity, learning to learn, and self-regulation), social and emotional skills (such as empathy, self-efficacy, and collaboration), practical and physical skills, as well as a variety of other abilities (e.g. using new information and communication technology devices).

Attitudes and values will act as a filter for how this larger variety of information and abilities will be used (e.g. motivation, trust, respect for diversity, and virtue). The attitudes and values can be observed at personal, local, societal, and global levels. While human life is enriched by the diversity of values and attitudes arising from different cultural perspectives and personality traits, there are some human values (e.g. respect for life and human dignity, and respect for the environment, to name two) that cannot be compromised.

Teachers as facilitators in decision-making in students

“The test of a good teacher is not how many questions he can ask his pupils that they will answer readily, but how many questions he inspires them to ask him which he finds it hard to answer.” – Alice Wellington Rollins

As a facilitator of learning, the teacher’s job is to effectively direct, help, and manage the dialogues among the pupils. The teachers encourage student engagement, develop their critical thinking skills, and provide them the freedom to take an active role in their education.

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Giving a situation some thought, deciding the intended outcome, finding the paths to get there, and then choosing the best one to achieve the goal are all steps in the decision-making process. Decisions made by teachers on the aforementioned topics will eventually affect how well students learn.

In facilitative learning, the teachers direct this process of learning while empowering the students to encourage learning on their own. They instruct the students to recognize issues, use their understanding to solve them and come up with their solutions. The teacher indirectly teaches the students how to manage their learning and put their knowledge to a variety of problems so that they may become actively involved in solving life’s unforeseen problems. Additionally, the students become more inventive and inspired to adopt new ways of thinking.

By providing correct information, assimilating them into the field, and providing guidance on university-level teaching, learning, and study, faculty must be sensitive to guiding students through this phase. Additionally, they must have a fundamental awareness of the pupils’ home cultures of education. Teachers must also have the ability to apply their information efficiently to guarantee that all pupils are learning. Teachers must also possess the proper attitudes to support learning for all pupils. Teacher actions are influenced by dispositions, which comprise the required attitudes, convictions, and professional ethics. Beliefs and attitudes about values like compassion, fairness, honesty, responsibility, and social justice influence dispositions.

 Decision-making at school level as a life skill

Any educational institution’s vision is to provide young minds with the education they will need for the rest of their lives, the freedom to think for themselves, a quality education, holistic learning, a widening of horizons, the chance to find their hidden talents, and the tools to help them become self-reliant and self-assured adults.

Schools offer a curriculum that fosters and develops students’ critical thinking and intellectual curiosity. The framework of the curriculum encourages pupils to develop into responsible, self-reliant citizens. The school wants to carry these beneficial habits forward.

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  • Career Counselling

Career counseling sessions should be organized in schools on regular basis to make students aware of the career options, and institutions best suited for higher education in India and abroad.

  • Collaborative Learning

Through collaborative learning, the focus should be on making students proactive during the learning process, so that they can work as team members and move forward in life with positive thinking.

  • Subject Orientation

Career options and innovation related to various subjects should be discussed from time to time through subject experts in schools.

  • Exchange Programmes

Students should be provided opportunities to generate innovative ideas and develop their ability to adapt to different environments through various exchange programs.

  • Co-Curricular Activities

Various should develop self-confidence, innovation, rationality, decision-making ability, etc. in students through curricular activities.

  • Competitive Edge

Students should be informed from time to time about information related to various entrance examinations so that they prepare well for competitive examinations along with academic studies.

Conclusion

Traits like emotional balance, mental adaptability, good judgment, and true independence will be crucial for their future. Thus, the goal of schools & higher education is to give every one of our students a well-rounded education that will help them chart their own course in life. A quality education that would not only provide students with information and skills but also inner freedom, security, and creativity as adults. Our goal will always be to help the kids develop self-discipline, social awareness, curiosity, and reverence for the world as they approach maturity. To cultivate a compassionate attitude that will help our students become successful, compassionate citizens. Schools, faculties, council members, and parents may act as facilitators in this process by encouraging and cajoling, safeguarding and putting together, helping and directing, and accompanying our children in their growth.

Author – Neera Singh, Principal, Rajmata Krishna Kumari Girls’ Public School, Jodhpur

 

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Let’s take up the #SELforMySchool Challenge!

Awareness of social and emotional needs and managing them becomes important in such a dynamic environment.

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So, this new year invites you to take up the #SELformySchool Challenge!

Why is it needed? The academic pressure is immense! The teachers are not trained! Parents don’t feel we should waste time on it! My management will not support me, after all, they are giving salaries to teach! We are already doing it!

You may have one of the above as your ready response and all may be valid. Fine, let me share why I am going to take up the #SELformySchool Challenge! Why I plan to pay more impetus on it. Well through this article I am not planning to persuade you or tell you why you should but it is for me. Since my childhood, I have been a learner who registered the knowledge best by writing or making notes and this is what my plan is. I am putting my words in printed form so that I will be resolute and determined and feel better connected to my thoughts. You too have the choice to pick whatever seems sensible and meaningful to you!

Social and Emotional Learning is taking center stage as a coherent philosophy across the globe as an affirmative response to the challenges of these VUCA times. The rapid rate of change and the array of choices are both the biggest boon as well as bane for this generation. The networked and sans-boundary world of today expects an altogether different set of skills. It demands more open-mindedness, tolerance, and collaborative skills to be acquired, as learners interact with bigger and more diverse environments.

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The aim of school today is to prepare the child to navigate the change successfully in this uncertain and unpredictable “New Age”. The new age is in a state of constant flux, evolving, and strangely sometimes simply turning completely upside down. The world is going to be steered and led by the new-age learners, who are being taught content that gets obsolete the very next day. Hence, evolving young brains must be equipped with the skills required for the unpredictable future.

Social and Emotional Learning is not a fixed ideology but an open-ended attempt to embrace the complexity and wholeness of human life. SEL aims at helping individuals be the most that they can be. In its true sense education with a holistic perspective aims at the development of every person’s intellectual, emotional, social, physical, artistic, creative, and spiritual potential. It seeks to engage students in the teaching/learning process and encourages personal and collective responsibility. This becomes achievable when the focus is not just on building the cognitive but also the effective domain. Social and Emotional Skills regulate an individual’s thoughts, emotions, and resultant behavior. These skills majorly impact managing emotions, self-awareness, and empathy.

Social and emotional learning is not just for students. It’s for all stakeholders involved with the young people. SEL as a practice is now essential to teach social and emotional skills to students, their families, and their educators. Through social and emotional learning (SEL) children and adults acquire and effectively apply the KSAs (knowledge, skills, and abilities) essential to manage emotions, set and achieve life goals, nurture empathy, maintain effective relationships, and take mindful decisions. Acquisition of Social and Emotional Intelligence directly correlates to how academically, socially and professionally skilled a child will be as an adult. It helps in developing individuals who will be able to find solutions and innovate to the challenges of the future. Studies and reports also indicate that lack of SEL also correlates with undesirable personal and professional outcomes in life, like unemployment, maladjustment at the workplace, bad health, and violent and criminal behavior.

We need to have a proper plan in place about how to implement SEL in schools. SEL programs need to be designed to foster children’s social and emotional skills and competencies by: (a) teaching specific skills through direct instruction which ensures introducing and explicitly modeling SEL skills and facilitating children to apply them across diverse situations and settings through real-life case studies; (b) making classroom and school climate conducive and supportive, by improving teacher’s practices and school rules and regulations; and/or (c) shaping student mindsets like their self-perception, their connection with the immediate environment, etc.

In this era of information-free flow, for sure an aware educator knows that at the core of optimal learning is a school community that promotes, teaches, and models Social and Emotional Intelligence. Today our children have to invariably cope with complex human and physical world relationships that demand them to identify and manage their emotions, have assertive interpersonal connections, respect and define healthy boundaries, and courageously take responsibility. According to Daniel Goleman this “intelligence”, can be made part of our pedagogical practices by adopting various Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) methods and strategies.

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It is hence essential for educators to gain a deeper understanding of the impact of SEL and have a proper plan in place to implement it. The best is to engage students in experiential activities and case studies with clear real-life connections. As an SEL practitioner for more than a decade and a half now I can vouch that even though the focus is on building the SEL skills of the students but it deepens the self-awareness, empathy, and social skills of the teachers, enriching their Social and Emotional Intelligence. Various tools and strategies used by teachers for developing skills in children to deal with the concerns related to conflict management, stress reduction, and resilience, empower not just the students but also the SEL educator.

The action plan for promoting SEL is very organic. It evolves and gets more effective through reflection, experience, and sharing, and gradually creates the path that best fits the unique school community.

Now the point is why still most schools have not successfully identified the value of developing SEL. Why our classroom focus is still on the academic syllabus? Well, this new year invites you to take up the #SELformySchool Challenge! Who can deny that Social and emotional skills are indicators of how well a person adjusts to their environment, how well they adapt to change, and, ultimately, how successful they will be in life? The core skills such as extroversion, conscientiousness, adaptability, emotional stability, and amicability are equally or rather even more vital than cognitive skills in determining personal and professional success. Hence, understanding how consequential these skills are to live, the school leaders will have to put in all efforts required to eliminate the struggles of the teachers to find effective ways to include, prioritize, teach and assess social and emotional skills.

We as schools need to understand that the core competency in the coming future as humankind which is on its way to creating and inventing a device or an app for almost most any need, is Social Emotional Learning. It is important as it only can nurture and develop individuals who are sensitive enough to navigate such brilliant systems and not get overwhelmed feeling too powerful for having created something phenomenal or at the other end feel disconnected and lonely. Hence, awareness of social and emotional needs and managing them becomes important in such a dynamic environment.

So, when we practice Social-emotional learning at the school level, it helps students to learn to manage their emotions and be aware of their feelings and also identify the reason for what is making them feel that way. This also helps to learn the important skill of empathy and how to show care and concern for those around them. Not just this, but this also enables students to learn to solve problems effectively and find logical solutions, rather than agonizing about the problem. Students learn to value people more, without feeling judgemental or biased. So a total awareness at social and emotional levels reduces distress and reactions, resulting in fewer disciplinary issues. The outcome reflects improved class engagement, higher test scores, and better grades.

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So much work needs to be done, Phew!!! We need to come together as a collaborative learning community to provide a bank of resources, support, and capacity building to assist teachers to aid the transition from a purely content-focused curriculum to a competency-based one. These skills need to be incorporated into collaborative, experiential learning classrooms. A teacher can develop these skills by planning activities that involve students working collaboratively in teams.

As all stakeholders including parents acknowledge the power of SEL strategies and their proven success, the effectiveness, and efficacy of implementing SEL improve. We all will have collaborates and share all knowledge and resources to felicitate this transition. The school leaders will have to come together to share the best pedagogical practices to incorporate SEL, forge a more well-rounded education system, and nurture more socially aware and responsible citizens who will be better prepared to work together to design better communities, nations, and as a result, a better world.

Author – Dr. Neha Sharma, Principal, GD Goenka Public School Ghaziabad, Former Deputy Secretary, CBSE

 

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